Ingrown Toenails And Other Nail Related Injuries

March 7, 2024

Ingrown toenails and other nail-related injuries are common yet often overlooked foot health concerns that can significantly impact one’s quality of life. At Spotsylvania Foot & Ankle Surgical Associates, we understand the discomfort and complications these conditions can cause. This blog aims to shed light on the causes, prevention, and treatments of ingrown toenails and other nail-related injuries, emphasizing the importance of foot health in overall well-being.

Understanding Ingrown Toenails

An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of a toenail, most frequently on the big toe, grows into the surrounding skin. This condition can result in pain, redness, swelling, and, if left untreated, infection. The primary causes of ingrown toenails include improper nail trimming, tight footwear, injury, and genetic predisposition. Symptoms often escalate from minor discomfort to severe pain, emphasizing the need for early intervention.

Other Nail-Related Injuries

Nail-related injuries extend beyond ingrown toenails. Trauma to the nail, such as dropping a heavy object on the toe or repetitive sports-related impact, can lead to subungual hematoma, where blood collects under the nail, causing intense pain and pressure. Fungal infections, another common issue, can lead to discolored, thickened, and brittle nails. These conditions not only cause discomfort but can also be aesthetically displeasing and potentially lead to more serious infections if not properly treated.

Prevention and Care

Preventing ingrown toenails and other nail-related injuries begins with proper foot care. Trimming nails straight across rather than rounding the corners can significantly reduce the risk of ingrown toenails. Wearing well-fitted shoes that provide ample room for the toes to move freely is also crucial. For athletes and individuals who engage in repetitive foot activities, protective footwear and regular foot inspections can prevent trauma-related nail injuries.

Maintaining good foot hygiene, including keeping the feet clean and dry, is essential in preventing fungal infections. Over-the-counter antifungal treatments are effective in early stages, but persistent or severe cases may require professional medical intervention.

Treatment Options

At Spotsylvania Foot & Ankle Surgical Associates, we offer a range of treatments for ingrown toenails and other nail-related injuries. For mild ingrown toenails, conservative treatments such as warm soaks, gentle lifting of the nail edge, and antibiotic ointments may suffice. However, persistent or severe cases may require partial or total nail removal surgery, a procedure performed under local anesthesia with minimal discomfort and recovery time.

For nail trauma and fungal infections, our treatment approach may include draining subungual hematomas to relieve pressure, prescribing oral or topical antifungal medications, and, in some cases, removing the affected nail to allow for healthy regrowth. Our team is dedicated to providing personalized care, ensuring that treatment plans are tailored to each patient’s specific needs.


Ingrown toenails and other nail-related injuries, while common, should not be taken lightly. These conditions can lead to further complications if left untreated. At Spotsylvania Foot & Ankle Surgical Associates, our expert team is committed to providing comprehensive care for all foot and ankle concerns. By understanding the causes, taking preventive measures, and seeking timely treatment, individuals can maintain healthy feet and a pain-free, active lifestyle. Remember, your foot health is a vital aspect of your overall well-being; don’t hesitate to seek professional advice for any foot or nail concerns.